Lecture Notes in Education
Psychology and Public Media

Research on the Contradiction of Communicative Rationality in the Network Public Sphere


Ben Xu * 1

1 school of Politics and Administration

Corresponding Author

Ben Xu


communicative rationality, absence space, network public sphere, symbol, communicative action


The network public sphere is an absence space under the background of the network society. Compared with the presence space, the absence space is a space where facial expressions, specific places, and specific environments are not presented. It is a virtual space with the connotation of information flow, symbol display, language exchange and meaning pursuit. The communicative action in the absence space is constructed with symbols as the core, and has new content compared to the previous presence space. Correspondingly, the communicative action in the network public sphere has also formed new characteristics: the cross-temporal and spatial nature of communicative symbols in the communication process, the perceptibility of attitude trends, the diversity of cultural backgrounds, and the low cost of interaction. This article focuses on the impact of the low cost of interaction on the communication action in the network public sphere. On the one hand, the low cost of interaction is an important factor that directly leads to the low degree of rationalization of communicative actions. On the other hand, this feature is also an important force to promote the rise of the network public sphere, because the low cost of interaction makes the discussion in the public sphere more adequate. As far as the current social situation is concerned, the rationality of communication in the network public sphere has not been fully established. Finally, combined with Habermas' theory of communicative action, this article believes that the core of establishing communicative rationality in the Internet age lies in the modernization of human.


Ben Xu. Research on the Contradiction of Communicative Rationality in the Network Public Sphere. LNEP (2021) LNEP ICEIPI 2021: 234-242. DOI: 10.54254/lnep.iceipi.2021204.


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