Lecture Notes in Education
Psychology and Public Media

A Conversation Analysis of the Repair Strategies and Use of Turn-Taking Practices in an IELTS Preparation Class

Author

Yikun Hao * 1

1 Fuzhou University

Corresponding Author

Yikun Hao

Keywords

turn-taking, IELTS speaking class, conversation analysis, repair strategies, EFL class

Abstract

This research uses conversation analysis to investigate an institutional discourse within a 28-day university level IELTS preparation class. The goals of this research are to explore: a) repair strategies taken by students and the teacher b) the pattern of turn-taking in an IELTS training class of speaking test. Findings show that the pattern of this result-oriented training class is IRF cycle, and that the most popular strategy applied by the teacher is recast.

Citation

Yikun Hao. A Conversation Analysis of the Repair Strategies and Use of Turn-Taking Practices in an IELTS Preparation Class. LNEP (2021) LNEP ICEIPI 2021: 11-22. DOI: 10.54254/lnep.iceipi.2021156.

References

[1]: Sacks, H., Schegloff, E. A., & Jefferson, G. (1974). A Simplest Systematics for the Organization of Turn-Taking for Conversation. Language, 50(4), 696. doi:10.2307/412243

[2]: Schegloff, E.A., Jefferson, G., & Sacks, H. (1977) The preference for self-correction in the organization of repair in conversation. Language, 53(2), 361-382

[3]: Kasper, G., & Wagner, J. (2014). Conversation Analysis in Applied Linguistics. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 34, 171-212. doi:10.1017/s0267190514000014

[4]: Rylander, J. (2014, September). INTERACTION IN A CHINESE AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE CLASSROOM ... Retrieved September 22, 2020, from https://www.hawaii.edu/sls/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/Rylander.pdf

[5]: Wong, J., & Waring, H. Z. (2020). Interactional Practices and the Teaching of Conversation. In Conversation analysis and second language pedagogy: A guide for ESL/EFL teachers (pp. 2-13). New York, NY, US: Routledge.

[6]: Yan, C., & Yuan-yuan, C. (2012). A Study of EFL Classroom Discourse from the Perspectives of both DA and CA. Higher Education of Social Science, 3, 17-23.

[7]: Quaid, E. D. (2018). Reviewing the IELTS speaking test in East Asia: Theoretical and practice-based insights. Language Testing in Asia, 8(1). doi:10.1186/s40468-018-0056-5

[8]: Rabab’Ah, G. (2015). The Effect of Communication Strategy Training on the Development of EFL Learners’ Strategic Competence and Oral Communicative Ability. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 45(3), 625-651. doi:10.1007/s10936-015-9365-3

[9]: Ellis, R. (1984). Communication strategies and the evaluation of communicative performance. ELT Journal, 38(1), 39–44. doi:10.1093/elt/38.1.39.

[10]: Shin, J. (2006, November 30). Developing Dynamic Units for EFL. Retrieved September 22, 2020, from https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1099323

[11]: Lerner, G. H. (2004). Conversation analysis: Studies from the first generation. Amsterdam, Netherlands: John Benjamins Pub.

[12]: Antaki, Charles & Biazzi, Michela & Nissen, Anette & Wagner, Johannes. (2008). Accounting for Moral Judgments in Academic Talk: The Case of a Conversation Analysis Data Session. Text & Talk - TEXT TALK. 28. 1-30. 10.1515/TEXT.2008.001.

[13]: Gardner, R. (2001). When listeners talk: Response tokens and listener stance. Amsterdam, Netherlands: John Benjamins.

[14]: Wilkinson, S., & Kitzinger, C. (2006). Surprise as an interactional achievement: Reaction tokens in conversation. Social Psychology Quarterly, 69, 150–182.

[15]: Seo, M., & Koshik, I. (2010). A conversation analytic study of gestures that engender repair in ESL conversational tutoring. Journal of Pragmatics, 42(8), 2219-2239. doi:10.1016/j.pragma.2010.01.021

[16]: Duran, D., & Jacknick, C. M. (2020). Teacher response pursuits in whole class post-task discussions. Linguistics and Education, 56, 100808. doi:10.1016/j.linged.2020.100808

[17]: Markee, N. (2000). Conversation analysis. Mahwah, NJ: Laurence Erlbaum

[18]: Nicholas, H., Lightbown, P. M., & Spada, N. (2001). Recasts as Feedback to Language Learners. Language Learning, 51(4), 719-758. doi:10.1111/0023-8333.00172

[19]: Young, Davey. (2015). A Conversation Analysis of the Acquisition and Use of Turn-taking Practices in an English Discussion Class. 10.14992/00015992.

[20]: Nunan, D. (1987). Communicative language teaching: Making it work. ELT Journal, 41(2), 136-145. doi:10.1093/elt/41.2.136

[21]: Seedhouse, P. (1996). Classroom interaction: Possibilities and impossibilities. ELT Journal, 50(1), 16-24. doi:10.1093/elt/50.1.16

[22]: Ellis, R., & Sheen, Y. (2006). Reexamining The Role Of Recasts In Second Language Acquisition. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 28(04). doi:10.1017/s027226310606027x

[23]: Jaeger, E. L. (2019). Initiation, Response, Follow-up and Beyond: Analyzing Dialogue Around Difficulty in a Tutorial Setting. Dialogic Pedagogy: An International Online Journal, 7. doi:10.5195/dpj.2019.195

[24]: Long, M. H. (1996). The Role of the Linguistic Environment in Second Language Acquisition. Handbook of Second Language Acquisition, 413-468. doi:10.1016/b978-012589042-7/50015-3

[25]: Long, M. H. (2007). Problems in SLA. Mahwah, NJ, US: L. Erlbaum Associates.

[26]: Stuckey, K. (2009). Language Expansion vs. Language Extension— What’s the Difference. Retrieved September 12, 2020, from https://www.superduperinc.com/handouts/pdf/227_LangExpExt.pdf

[27]: Gardner-Neblett, N., & Gallagher, K.C. (2013). More than baby talk: 10 ways to promote the language and communication skills for infants and toddlers. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina, FPG Child Development Institute.

[28]: Talk, Read and Sing Together Every Day! Tips For Preschool Teachers & Other Early Childhood Education Program Providers. (n.d.). Retrieved September 17, 2020, from https://www2.ed.gov/documents/early-learning/talk-read-sing/preschool-en.pdf

[29]: Karimi, L., & Esfandiari, N. (2016). The Effect of Recast vs. Explicit Corrective Feedback on Iranian EFL Learners' Stress Patterns Learning. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, Vol. 6, No. 6, pp. 1166-1174, June 2016. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17507/tpls.0606.05

Copyright © 2021 Eliwise Academy. Unless Otherwise Stated