Lecture Notes in Education
Psychology and Public Media

The Influence of Boys and Girls on Family Happiness


Mengyuan Li * 1

1 Malvern college Qingdao

Corresponding Author

Mengyuan Li


household happiness, gender imbalance, children's gender


There has had a strong "boy preference" in China since ancient times. The birth ratio has increased in recent years, which has exacerbated the imbalance in the ratio of men to women. This imbalance has brought negative effects on the stable development of a moral society and the marriage market. This paper uses CHIP survey data, taking household consumption expenditure on non-essential goods as a proxy variable for household happiness, and using least squares estimation and maximum likelihood estimation to compare the differences in household happiness in different children’s gender. The research results show that daughters bring higher happiness to the family than sons. This conclusion has certain guiding significance for solving the problem of China's gender ratio imbalance.


Mengyuan Li. The Influence of Boys and Girls on Family Happiness. LNEP (2021) LNEP ICEIPI 2021: 140-145. DOI: 10.54254/lnep.iceipi.2021187.


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